Tag Archives: Urban planning

The stress of the city and it’s aging of your brain

There is a reason more than half the world’s population lives in cities, with the number expected to grow. Cities have a lot to offer. Residents can walk to nearby shops and enjoy cultural attractions not available to those in more rural areas. Also, living in a city may make your commute to work much shorter.

Unfortunately, according to health officials from the World Health Organization, that convenience may come with a price — higher levels of stress and a measurable impact on your brain.

The problem seems to be "attention," or more specifically, the lack of it. With so many different distractions — from a flashing neon sign, to the cell phone conversation of a nearby passenger on a bus, a city dweller starts to practice something known as "controlled perception." That toggling back and forth between competing stimuli can be mentally exhausting.

In fact, according to a recent study from the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor, just living in an urban environment makes it more difficult for an individual to hold things in memory.

In the same study, researchers split undergraduate students into two groups. One spent the day in a suburban neighborhood, the other group in a busy city. Overall, those in the city scored lower on attention tests and had a worse mood comparatively.

Read the rest of the story:Does living in the city age your brain?.

Tokyo Subways – How do they stack up in size to other subway systems of the world?

Ever wanted to know how big Tokyo’s underground subways are and how they stack up in size to the rest of the worlds largest cites? Well, here’s your chance. Below the subway systems of the world are presented on the same scale for comparison.

tokyo

kilometer1 kilometer
mile1 mile

london
London
Transport for London
nyc
New York
MTA/PATH
tokyo
Tokyo
TRTA
seoul
Seoul
Seoul Metro
paris
Paris
RATP
moscow
Moscow**
Moskovskoe Metro
mexico
Mexico City
El Sistema de Transporte Colectivo
chicago
Chicago
CTA
berlin
Berlin***
BVG
stockholm
Stockholm
SL
dc
Washington, DC
WMATA
bart
San Francisco
MUNI/BART
singapore
Singapore
SMRT
langeles
Los Angeles
MTA
madrid
Madrid
Metro de Madrid
atl
Atlanta
MARTA
philadelphia
Philadelphia
SEPTA/PATCO
montreal
Montreal
STM
osaka
Osaka
Osaka Municipal Transportation Bureau
munich
Munich
MVG
hamburg
Hamburg
Hochbahn
barcelona
Barcelona
TMB
athens
Athens
Attiko Metro
toronto
Toronto
TTC
hong kong
Hong Kong
MTR
vancouver
Vancouver
TransLink
beijing
Beijing
Beijing Subway
boston
Boston
MBTA
stpete
Saint Petersburg
Petersburgskiy Metropoliten
santiago
Santiago
Metro de Santiago
wien
Vienna
VOR
budapest
Budapest
BKV
marseille
Marseille
RTM
bruxelles
Brussels
STIB-MIVB
buenos aires
Buenos Aires
Metrovías

* These are not all of the world’s subway systems.

** The Moscow map used (by Freytag & Berndt) had a slightly varying scale. So this one isn’t perfect – the spokes should be a little longer.

*** This is the U-bahn only. S-bahn is in the works.

Related Links
subway systems of the world, presented on the same scale

The new view on Urban planning

blue_goals_spotWhat most mayors are realizing is that they have too many people and no way to get them in and out of the city efficiently. The world of the automobile making us mobile is over. It now is only a main source of frustration and congestion in most cities. And the automobile does nothing but hinder, pollute, and worsen the air quality for most city residents that don’t own a car. It is now the time to start planning for people not cars. Start rejuvenating our cities by turning old parking lots into gardens and places to park bikes. Make bike lanes and put sidewalks along roads for walkers. Add in some mass transit such as buses, trains, and subways. Then connect these cities together with high-speed bullet trains instead of highways.

It’s been proven in places where buses, subways, and trains are built that people make the switch from cars to mass transit. So what are we waiting for again? The traffic to clear?