The yen tumbled the most in more than two years against the dollar as Group of Seven nations said they will jointly intervene in foreign-exchange markets for the first time in more than a decade.
Japan began the effort and the currency fell against all of its 16 major counterparts as Finance Minister Yoshihiko Noda said each country will intervene when their markets open. The G- 7 finance ministers and central bank chiefs said in a joint statement after a conference call that they will “provide any needed cooperation.” The Australian and New Zealand dollars rose, paring weekly losses, as a rally in Japanese shares boosted demand for higher-yielding assets.
The G-7 statement “met everyone’s expectations, it was what people wanted,” said Tsutomu Soma, a bond and currency dealer at Okasan Securities Co. in Tokyo. “The earthquake is considered one of the biggest in a few centuries, and so other nations must help Japan. The yen should fall toward 83 as nations are unified to stop its advance.”
The yen plunged 3.3 percent to 81.57 per dollar as of 11:51 a.m. in Tokyo from 78.89 in New York yesterday, when it touched 76.25, a post-World-War-II high. That’s the biggest drop since Oct. 28, 2008.
The currency dropped to 114.76 per euro from 110.61. The dollar weakened to $1.4066 per euro from $1.4021.
Read the rest of the story: Yen Plunges Most in Two Years After G-7 Agrees to Intervene.
Japan will have to take on the “full force” of the market should it act to weaken the yen again after trading volumes versus the dollar returned to levels seen before its September intervention, UBS AG said.
Hedge funds clients “suddenly and dramatically” became cautious of trading in the currency pair after Japan intervened in the foreign-exchange market on Sept. 15 for the first time since 2004, the bank said. Two-way flows in dollar-yen have since been restored as benchmark 10-year Treasury yields began rising in November and reached a six-month high this week, Gareth Berry, a Singapore-based currency strategist wrote in a note to clients yesterday.
“We have seen a sharp revival in two-way flow in dollar- yen since U.S. yields began to trend higher,” Berry wrote. “If U.S. yields fall back, even temporarily, and Japan is forced to intervene again to support dollar-yen, the Ministry of Finance will have to push against the full force of a market that has fully regrouped.”
Read the rest of the story: Japan to Face ‘Full Force’ of Market on Intervention, UBS Says.
For Yoshihiko Noda, Japan’s finance minister, the G20’s weekend warning against disorderly exchange rate movements suggested the yen might enjoy a "more stable" relationship with the dollar and euro.
That looks unlikely — at least if your definition of stable means an end to the Japanese currency’s climb against the greenback, an ascent only briefly interrupted last month by Tokyo’s massive yen-selling market intervention.
Last week’s gathering of G20 finance ministers and central bankers in South Korea may even have accelerated the shift, as market participants think the vaguely worded communiqué will make further currency interventions by Japan more difficult. On Monday the dollar fell more than 1 per cent against the yen to a new 15-year low of Y80.41. The US currency is now within sight of its Y79.70 postwar low.
So if the G20 consensus cobbled together in Seoul has not tamed the markets, what can Tokyo do now?
There is no doubting the concern in policymaking and business circles about the implications of a stronger currency for Japan’s faltering recovery.
Read the rest of the story: Japan looks to life with strong yen.
Japan moved on Wednesday to prop up the dollar and weaken the yen in a bid to protect its export-led economy, intervening in international currency markets for the first time since 2004.
The Japanese monetary authorities bought dollars and sold yen, pushing it to about 84.50 yen to the dollar in the morning from near 82 on Tuesday.
The maneuver came after Prime Minister Naoto Kan’s victory over a member of his own party in a partywide ballot on Tuesday. Analysts had initially predicted that the win by Mr. Kan, who had been less explicit about the need for intervention than his challenger, would not likely lead to action in currency markets.
The intervention also runs counter to a recent trend among the world’s major economies to stay away from market manipulation and let markets decide the strength of their currencies.
Read the rest of the story: Japan Intervenes to Weaken the Yen – NYTimes.com.
Japan’s finance minister further sharpened his rhetoric on the yen’s steep gains after the Nikkei newspaper reported Japan may consider selling the yen in unilateral intervention if speculators drive up the currency.
Finance Minister Yoshihiko Noda told reporters he would respond appropriately as needed, an expression he has not used so far in his campaign to talk the currency down.
The yen rose to a 15-year high against the dollar and a nine-year peak against the euro on Tuesday amid fears the global economy is slowing, testing Japanese authorities’ resolve to stem the currency’s climb.
The sharp yen rise and declines in the Nikkei stock average have increased the likelihood that the Bank of Japan will further ease its monetary policy before its scheduled rate review next month, sources told Reuters.
"The dollar went to 83 yen, so the chance of intervention has increased, but it would take more than intervention," said Kiichi Murashima, economist at Citigroup Global Markets in Tokyo.
Read the rest of the story: Japan warns on intervention after yen rise.
On Monday it was reported that the Japanese output gap stood at a -6.4%, worse than the preliminary reading of -6.1%. This output gap is designed to measure how much the domestic product deviates from the potential gross domestic product. A negative number suggests that demand is lagging behind supplies, leading to deflationary pressure. Considering the demography of Japan, and much less consumption by an aging population, this should not be a surprise.
Deflationary pressure is a real threat in Japan, and the Japanese Prime Minister and the Minister of Finance have been leaning on the Bank of Japan to do something. Today the BoJ kept the three month rate at 0.1 percent, and increased the short term lending to banks by 20 trillion yen or $220 billion.
Read the rest of the story: Bank of Japan Policies Makes Yen Attractive to the Carry Trade